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Wednesday, October 14, 2020 | History

12 edition of Information Foraging Theory found in the catalog.

Information Foraging Theory

Adaptive Interaction with Information (Oxford Series in Human-Technology Interaction)

by Peter L. T. Pirolli

  • 173 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Oxford University Press, USA .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Number of Pages226
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7391129M
ISBN 100195173325
ISBN 109780195173321

Foraging is the first comprehensive review of the topic in more than twenty years.A monumental undertaking, this volume brings together twenty-two experts from throughout the field to offer the latest on the mechanics of foraging, modern foraging theory, and foraging ecology. At the beginning, the book argues that the way users search for information can be likened to the way animals forage for food. Information Foraging Theory makes a basic distinction between two types of states a forager is in: between-patch and within-patch states.

Information foraging theory is an approach to understanding how strategies and technologies for information seeking, gathering, and consumption are adapted to the flux of information in the. Oct 01,  · Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information. Peter Pirolli. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. $ (ISBN ‐0‐19‐‐7 paper) Although this work is composed largely of text and illustrations from previously published conference papers and articles, it qualifies as a coherent treatise on information foraging theory. I must admit up front that.

This book had its genesis in a rather disorganized and poorly conceived lecture on optimal foraging theory that one of us (GHO) gave to an advanced ecology class during the winter of The deficiencies in that treatment, combined with the obvious potential of an improved conceptual-. This unique book presents authoritative overviews of more than 70 conceptual frameworks for understanding how people seek, manage, share, and use information in different contexts. A practical and readable reference to both well-established and newly proposed theories of information behavior, the book includes contributions from 85 scholars from 10 countries.4/5(3).


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Information Foraging Theory by Peter L. T. Pirolli Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book is about Information Foraging Theory (IFT), a new theory in Adaptive Information Interaction that is one example of a recent flourish of theories in adaptationist psychology that draw upon evolutionary-ecological theory in biology.

IFT assumes that people (indeed, all organisms) are ecologically rational, and that human information Cited by: Information Foraging is a theory that describes information retrieval behaviour proposed by Pirolli and Card ().

Information foraging theory is derived from a food foraging theory called optimal foraging theory that helps biologists understand the factors determining. Information foraging is a theory that applies the ideas from optimal foraging theory to understand how human users search for information.

The theory is based on the assumption that, when searching for information, humans use "built-in" foraging mechanisms that evolved to. The work most cited is the paper "Information Foraging," Pirolli and Card published in the prestigious Psychology Review in (Pirolli Information Foraging Theory book Card ).

His new book "Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information" is the culmination of more than a. This book is about Information Foraging Theory (IFT), a new theory in Adaptive Information Interaction that is one example of a recent flourish of theories in adaptationist psychology that draw upon evolutionary-ecological theory in biology.

IFT assumes that people (indeed, all organisms) are ecologically rational, and that human information. Jan 01,  · Information Foraging Theory book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Although much of the hubris and hyperbole surrounding the /5.

This book is about Information Foraging Theory (IFT), a new theory in Adaptive Information Interaction that is one example of a recent flourish of theories in adaptationist psychology that draw upon evolutionary-ecological theory in frecklesandhoney.com: $ This account of the current state of foraging theory is also a valuable description of the use of optimality theory in behavioral ecology in general.

Organizing and introducing the main research themes in economic analyses of animal feeding behavior, the authors analyze the empirical evidence bearing on foraging models and answer criticisms of optimality modeling/5(2). Information foraging theory [9, 16] has been highly influential for understanding this activity because it describes how people go about assessing the semantic relatedness of items to their search Author: Peter Pirolli.

What Is Information Foraging. Information foraging is the fundamental theory of how people navigate on the web to satisfy an information need. It essentially says that, when users have a certain information goal, they assess the information that they can extract from any candidate source of information relative to the cost involved in extracting that information and choose one or several.

Information foraging theory is being developed in order to understand and improve human—information interaction. The framework assumes that humans adapt to the world by seeking and using information. As a result humans create a glut of information, causing a poverty of attention and a greater need to allocate that attention effectively and efficiently.

Emergence of the Global Information Ecology. Information-foraging theory arose during the s, coinciding with an explosion in the amount of information that became available to the average computer user, and with the development of new technologies for accessing and interacting with information.

Although much of the hubris and hyperbole surrounding the 's Internet has softened to a reasonable level, the inexorable momentum of information growth continues unabated.

This wealth of information provides resources for adapting to the problems posed by our increasingly complex world, but the simple availability of more information does not guarantee its successful transformation into.

Optimal foraging theory (OFT) is a behavioral ecology model that helps predict how an animal behaves when searching for food. Although obtaining food provides the animal with energy, searching for and capturing the food require both energy and time.

SNIF-ACT: Modeling Information Foraging on the Web. In order to formalize and test his newfound theory of information foraging, Pirolli and colleague Wai-tat Fu developed a cognitive model called SNIF-ACT, which stands for Scent-based Navigation and Information Foraging in the ACT architecture.

However, this information environment poses its own complex problems that require adaptive strategies for information foraging. This book is about Information Foraging Theory, which aims to explain and predict how people will best shape themselves to their information environments, and how information environments can best be shaped to people.

This book is about Information Foraging Theory (IFT), a new theory in Adaptive Information Interaction. Information Foraging Theory is one example of a recent flourish of theories in adaptationist psychology that draw upon evolutionary-ecology theory in biology.

IFT assumes that people are ecologically rational, and that human information. Information scent is a central concept in the information-foraging theory — a theory essential for understanding how people navigate on the web and how they interact with different potential sources of information in order to satisfy a question or an information need.

In simple terms, it says that, if people have a question, they will decide. Fishpond Thailand, Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information (Human Technology Interaction Series) by Peter LT PirolliBuy. Books online: Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information (Human Technology Interaction Series),frecklesandhoney.com Information foraging theory.

Peter Pirolli and Stuart Card, researchers at the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), began applying the principles of optimal foraging theory to information seeking in the early s, establishing a new framework called information foraging theory (Pirolli & Card, ).

Pirolli and Card drew a connection between. Information Foraging Theory will be of interest to student and professional researchers in HCI and cognitive psychology.

Peter Pirolli is a Research Fellow in the User Interface Research Area at the Palo Alto Research Center where he has been pursuing studies of human information interaction since He is a Fellow of the Association for.Get this from a library!

Information foraging theory: adaptive interaction with information. [Peter Pirolli] -- Peter Pirolli covers Information Foraging Theory (IFT), a theory in Adaptive Information Interaction. IFT analyses what people do to make sense of the huge amount of information available on the.What is Information Foraging Theory (IFT)?

Definition of Information Foraging Theory (IFT): Explains information-seeking behavior of humans similar to food foraging. Basic elements are the perceived information “scent” of media (names, key words, etc.) and costs (particularly, by means of search time) for accessing the media.